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Exploring Early Signs: When to Seek Autism Assessment

Autism is a neurodevelopmental condition that is starting to impact an increased number of children globally. Autism spectrum disorder effects several aspects of social interaction, communication, and behaviour. Although there is no specific treatment for autism, the implementation of early intervention strategies can enhance the developmental trajectory of children with this condition.

Neurodivergent  refers to individuals whose brain functioning differs from what is considered “typical.” This encompasses people with a range of conditions including:

This article aims to examine the initial indicators of autism, as well as to help parent identify key indicators that may warrant further evaluation.

It is important to note that all children and individuals with autism have their own strengths and unique way of engaging with the world around them. A diagnosis of autism is not about saying ‘something is wrong’ or ‘fixing’ the person but rather understanding how the individual interprets, processes and functions in the world around them.

The Initial Indicators of Autism Spectrum Disorder

The present document aims to explore the various experiences encountered in the area of communication.

One of the primary indications of autism spectrum disorder in childhood populations is the difficulties associated with communication skills. The child may exhibit delayed speech development, limited vocabulary, or reduced tendency to engage in interpersonal communication through the use gestures (i.e. pointing, requesting things) or eye contact.

Social interaction includes the many obstacles or limitations that individuals may encounter when participating in social relationships. These challenges may present themselves in several manners, including struggles with beginning discussions, or knowing how to continue and build on a conversation.

Children who have been diagnosed with ASD will more than often face challenges when participating in social activities. They may encounter difficulties in understanding social signs, making social connections, or engaging in cooperative activities with their peers.  The absence of a willingness to engage in the sharing of experiences or feelings may also serve as an indicator that may warrant exploration.

Repetitive behaviours are actions that are performed in a recurring manner, often without variation or deviation.

Repetitive behaviours are frequently observed in children diagnosed with ASD. These behaviours may be observed as repetitive hand-flapping, rocking movements, or a strong preoccupation with particular items or subjects.

ASD pertains to sensory activities

Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder may have heightened sensitivity towards sensory stimuli. Individuals may have feelings of being overwhelmed when exposed to intense lighting, high decibel sounds, or certain tactile sensations. Conversely, certain children may exhibit hyposensitivity, when they actively seek sensory stimulation by engaging in behaviours such as spinning or intentionally colliding with things.

Determining the Optimal Time for Autism Assessment

Age milestones refer to significant events or achievements that occur at specific ages in a person’s life. These milestones often mark important transitions or may indicate a need to explore the potential reason for the delays.

Monitoring your child’s growth stages is of utmost importance. If a child is not achieving developmental milestones that are normal for their age in domains such as speech, social interaction, or play, it is advisable to discuss these delays with a professional such as a paediatrician or psychologist.

The advantages of early intervention

Identifying early signs and implementing appropriate measures can have a significant impact on the trajectory of a child’s life. Early identification is crucial as it enables access to support services, treatments, and educational programmes sooner rather than later that can facilitate optimal development and well-being for children.

In conclusion, parents and carers should understand autism’s early signs. Helping a child immediately can greatly assist their life. Parents may help their child grow well and have a meaningful life by participating in autism diagnosis and early intervention. It’s vital to realise that various programmes and tools may help parents and children succeed.


If a child or adult has a diagnosis of ASD, the goal of neuro-affirming therapy is to embrace the uniqueness and strengths of neurodivergent children/individuals and provide them and their families with the skills, tools, and strategies to allow for improved participation within the home, school, and play environments. This may involve:

  • Seeking to understand the needs of neurodivergent children from their perspective and adapting the environment to meet these needs.
  • Understanding and respecting neurodivergent communication styles.
  • Understanding and accommodating individual sensory needs.
  • Encouraging neurodivergent rather than neurotypical listening skills.
  • Assisting in developing self-advocacy and problem-solving skills.
  • Teaching children to better understand the emotions, behaviours, and communication of other people around them, so they can better choose how they want to respond.
  • Validating children’s feelings, helping them recognise their triggers, and assisting in identifying calming strategies.
  • Recognising the need for processing time and safe spaces.
  • Encouraging safe self-regulation skills, including stemming.

Frequently Asked Questions About Autism Spectrum Disorder

Can autism be detected in infants?

While the diagnosis of autism in young children might present difficulties, symptoms of the disorder may start to emerge as early as 18 months of age. The prompt execution of intervention techniques is crucial in order to get optimal outcomes.

Are there any diagnostic evaluations now utilised in the medical domain for the purpose of identifying autism spectrum disorder?

Currently, there exists a lack of medical diagnostic tests that are readily accessible for the detection of autism. The diagnostic procedure entails a thorough assessment of observable behaviour, an evaluation of the individual’s developmental history, and the use of standardised assessmentts. Often a multidisciplinary team of professionals including a psychologist, speech pathologist and paediatrician work together to diagnose ASD.

What ASD therapies are available?

Behaviour intervention, speech-language therapy, occupational therapy, and child-specific education are treatments often recommended that will assist the child and give them the skills needed to be part of the community.